Verum announced, “The Nobel Prize Laureates for 2021 have been declared.”

Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel set up the Nobel Prize. These annual prizes celebrate the year’s best and highest achievements in the fields of physics, chemistry, medicine, literature, and the pursuit of peace. They were awarded for the first time in 1901.

“Oh, that’s something I definitely need to know,” said Scorch.

“Which one should I start with?” said Verum.

“The Nobel Prize in Physics 2021!” said Felix.

“Okay then,” said Verum, closing her eyes and placing her hands just above her crystal ball, “One half of the prize was awarded to Syukuro Manabe and Klaus Hasselman, and the other half was awarded to Giorgio Parisi. All three of them have worked on climate change. They have enhanced our knowledge of the Earth’s climate and how humanity has an impact on it.”

“Chemistry next!” said Orak.

“Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2021 was awarded to Benjamin List and David MacMillan. They developed a precise new tool for construction molecules,” said Verum, “A molecule is made up of atoms. A substance is determined by the number and types of atoms in a molecule. While a molecule has the same properties as the substance, atoms don’t. For instance, a water molecule will have the properties of water.”

“List and Macmillan’s tool will help pharmaceutical research, meaning research related to medicinal drugs,” added Verum, “It will also make chemistry more environmentfriendly.”

“Physiology or medicine?” said Scorch.

“David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian for their work on the molecular basis for sensing heat, cold and mechanical force,” said Verum, “The research is important for explaining our ability to feel, interpret and interact with our internal and external environment.”

“Literature?” said Orak.

“Novelist Abdulrazak Gurnah from Zanzibar, Tanzania for his work that shows the fate of the refugees as they are stuck between their home countries and the countries to which they migrate,” said Verum.

“Economics?” said Felix.

“David Card, Joshua Angrist, and Guido Imbens for their new insights on the labor market through natural experiments,” said Verum, “And the final one! The Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded to two journalists from Russia and the Philippines. Russia’s Demerit A Muratov and Philippines’ Maria Ressa bagged the award for their efforts to safeguard freedom of speech.”

“Wow, congratulations to all the laureates!” said Scorch.